Calories 101

Calories 101

Calories 101

Calories are used to measure the energy value of foods and determine the energy our body needs to fuel basic bodily function such as breathing. This makes calories a key component to all diets and a determining factor for establishing an overall healthy diet.

The Types of Calories

Carbs

Carbs are the body's main source of energy and are easily used by the body. Carbohydrates can either be simple(bad) or complex (good) based on structure.

Good carbs are found in grains, fruit, milk, and yogurt

Bad carbs are found in soda, candy, white rice, and pastries.

Protein

Proteins play an important role in tissue repair, preserving lean muscle, and producing essential hormones. When carbs are not present the body uses protein for energy.

Proteins are found in meat, poultry, fish, cheese, and milk

Fats

Fats play an essential role in cell, nerve, and hormone production, but just like carbs there are good fats(unsaturated) and bad fats (saturated).

Good fats (unsaturated) are found in avocados, nuts, fatty fish(like salmon).

Bad fats (unsaturated) are found in baked goods, fried foods, butter, and fatty meats.

Average caloric intake by country.

Top four highest countries

USA 3770 calories

Austria 3760 calories

Italy 3660 calories

Israel 3540 calories

Top four lowest countries

Democratic Republic of Congo 1590 calories

India 2300 calories

Nigeria 2710 calories

Argentina 3000 calories

Recommended Caloric Intake

Men 2500-2800 calories, Women 2000 calories, and children 1750 - 1950 calories.

How Long does it take to burn calories

Cheeseburger (average) 670 calories and it takes 134 minutes of walking to burn off the calories from a cheeseburger

Milk (8 ounces) 149 calories and it takes 30 minutes of walking to burn off the calories from milk.

Pizza (average medium slice) 260 calories and it takes 30 minutes of walking to burn off the calories from pizza.

Soda (20 ounces) 250 calories and it takes 50 minutes of walking to burn off the calories from a soda.

Glazed donut 200 calories and it takes 40 minutes of walking to burn off the calories from one donut.

Iced caramel macchiato 230 calories and it takes 46 minutes of walking to burn off the calories from one iced caramel macchiato